Rural electrification involves bringing electricity to rural and remote areas. Developing countries bear large number of rural population and in several cases they do not have access to grid electricity. In developing countries, there are several ongoing projects focusing on rural electrification, such as, country level programmes by governments and institutions like ADB, World Bank, UNIDO, UNDP, etc.
These programmes focus on electricity generation from renewable energy technologies such as biogas, micro and pico hydro power, solar PV, biomass gasifiers or wind generators to bring about rural electrification for a village or a cluster of villages.
For the rural electricity supply mission to succeed, it is essential that a very close cooperation among corporate sector, government and NGOs exists. The corporate sector can provide the necessary technological and managerial support, NGOs can create the necessary trust in essential utilities and the Governments can help in providing soft financing through its many rural development programs.
The success of rural electrification mainly depends on how long the implemented technology continues to operate rather than just implementation. The concerned parties should not proclaim the program or project as a successful one immediately after the implementation of the project. They should ensure that the system operates throughout its life time, by carefully designing the program or project assuring long term sustainability.
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